Route Optimization for Waste Collection

Waste collection management is a critical challenge faced by cities around the world. Inefficient waste collection processes can lead to environmental pollution, increased operational costs, and a reduced quality of life for residents. To address these challenges,’s innovative approach utilizes advanced technologies like the Route Optimization API and the Web Maps SDK to optimize waste collection routes, ensuring efficient and effective waste management.

In this technical notebook, we delve into’s solution for the Waste Collection Route Optimization problem. The core components of this solution include the Route Optimization API, which leverages advanced algorithms to find optimal routes and the Web Maps SDK for visualizing these routes on interactive maps.

Problem Statement

Imagine a waste collection agency operating from a single depot within a city. The agency needs to manage waste collection from 200 waste bins spread across 8 regions. The collection day starts at 07:00 and lasts for 5 hours. Each collection truck has a fixed capacity of 100 cubic meters. The waste collected comes in three types: solid, organic, and medical. Additionally, waste can be generated from three types of locations: residential, commercial, and hospitals.


To tackle this problem, employs a multi-faceted approach that combines spatial analysis, route optimization and efficient resource allocation. Here’s how the approach unfolds:

  1. Region Division: First, a set of non-intersecting polygons is generated using Voronoi tessellation. These polygons serve as distinct regions for waste collection.
  1. Location and Waste Assignment: Within each region, random locations are generated, representing waste bin locations. Each location is assigned one or more waste types (solid, organic, or medical) based on the waste generation characteristics of the region. Locations are categorized as residential, commercial, or hospital sites, each having a different priority level for waste collection.
  1. Truck and Bin Capacities: Trucks are standardized with a capacity of 100 cubic meters. Waste bin capacities vary based on location type: residential bins have a capacity of 5 cubic meters, commercial bins are 20 cubic meters, and hospital bins are 30 cubic meters.
  1. Truck Allocation and Types: For each region, a set of trucks is allocated. Among these, one truck can handle medical waste, while the others handle either solid waste, organic waste, or both.
  1. Route Optimization: The heart of the solution lies in the Route Optimization API. For each region, the API calculates optimal routes for the assigned trucks to collect waste from the designated bins. This minimizes travel distances and ensures efficient collection.
  1. Recycling and Return: After waste collection, the trucks transport the waste to the recycling center. Once emptied, the trucks return to the depot.
  1. Unassigned Bin Handling: If some bins remain unassigned, the Route Optimization API is rerun using the unassigned trucks. This time, optimization is performed for all regions simultaneously.


Although the solution simplifies certain aspects for clarity, it’s important to note that the Route Optimization API can handle more complex scenarios. The assumptions made include:

  • All vehicles have a uniform capacity of 100 cubic meters.
  • Only the volume of waste is considered, not its weight.
  • The Route Optimization API can accommodate multi-dimensional variables.’s Route Optimization for Waste Management showcases the power of technology in solving real-world challenges. By integrating advanced algorithms and spatial analysis, waste collection agencies can significantly enhance their operational efficiency, reduce costs, and contribute to a cleaner environment. The combination of the Route Optimization API and the Web Maps SDK provides a comprehensive solution for waste collection route planning and visualization, ensuring a sustainable approach to waste management in urban areas.